After two decades of waiting, Harvard Engineering is ready to cross the Charles.
“This is colossal. Huge,” Dean of the School of Engineering and Applied Sciences Francis J. Doyle III said of the school’s impending move to Allston in 2020. “This is truly an unprecedented opportunity for a world-class campus in an urban setting to expand its footprint with this sort of magnitude.”
Two Harvard presidencies have come and gone with Allston’s engineering campus perpetually on the horizon, and the announcement of University President Drew G. Faust’s impending departure guarantees that it will take at least three presidents to finish the job.
“There’s no way to slow that train down. It’s barrelling ahead,” former Dean of the College and Computer Science professor Harry R. Lewis ’68 said of the move.
In its pursuit of a new campus, the ramping-up of fundraising efforts, and breakneck student and faculty growth, Harvard has bet big on becoming an engineering powerhouse for the 21st century.
Despite these significant investments, however, Harvard still has ground to make up. Compared to peer institutions like Stanford and neighboring MIT, Harvard’s engineering program lags behind in both size and ranking. What’s more, some professors say, Harvard’s image remains rooted in a liberal arts tradition and not associated with the applied sciences—more Shakespeare than circuitry.
Whether or not Harvard’s next president holds an engineering degree, SEAS and its role in Harvard’s future will constitute a central part of their tenure. Managing the University’s fastest-growing school will be a complex endeavor, touching upon a host of hot-button issues: federal research funding, faculty “poaching” from peer institutions, historically-tense relations with Allstonians, and the puzzle of encouraging engineering’s growth without tarnishing the University’s sterling reputation in the humanities and social sciences.
The future of SEAS and its role in shaping Harvard’s image are not lost on the presidential search committee. Even in a self-described preliminary stage, members of the Harvard Corporation have already met with Doyle multiple times to discuss his opinions on the future of the school.
“I’ve had probably half a dozen conversations with members of the Corporation,” Doyle said. “There has been no shortage of opportunity for me to share my personal thoughts or the collective thoughts of the deans.”
Precedent shows that the committee’s choice for president will play an outsized role in determining the future of engineering at Harvard. In the past twenty years, plans for SEAS’s expansion into Allston have been a primarily presidential endeavor.
Two years after he assumed the Harvard presidency in 2001, Lawrence H. Summers penned an open letter outlining his plans for what he called “the Allston opportunity.” His letter would lay the groundwork for Harvard’s latest large-scale expansion and the creation of the School of Engineering and Applied Sciences.
In that letter, Summers wrote that two decades of often-covert, incremental land acquisition across the Charles River presented Harvard with an unparalleled 21st century opportunity. Harvard could reengineer itself in Allston, remaining competitive in a modern educational environment.
During her tenure, Faust has made engineering a priority, convincing Business School alumnus John A. Paulson to make a record-breaking $400 million gift to SEAS.
And, more than a century ago, Charles W. Eliot, the University’s 21st president, toyed with the idea of absorbing MIT and moving its campus across the river—not too far from where the new engineering campus’s steel structure stands.
Despite frequent interactions with members of the search committee, Doyle, who became SEAS dean in 2015, said the idea of him becoming Harvard’s next president is “preposterous.”
“I’d be flattered, but I could not be a serious candidate,” Doyle chuckled. “I have not been here long enough.”
Though the committee’s multiple meetings with Doyle indicate an interest in finding candidates who understands SEAS’s challenges, Doyle and others said an engineering background is not a prerequisite for the presidency.
“I don’t think that it is essential,” Doyle said. “I think somebody who is open, willing to learn, to lead the team, to work with the leadership, is all that I can really ask for.”
“Drew [Faust] has been a terrific champion for things we do, and as a historian,” Doyle added. “She had the leadership skills, the leadership acumen to learn what were the essential issues, to work with me and with others to identify the priorities.”
Other current and former administrators with engineering backgrounds, like FAS Dean Michael D. Smith, a Computer Science professor, and Lewis, who also served a stint as interim dean of SEAS, agree that an engineering degree is not entirely necessary.
“It’s going to be an important agenda item for the president,” Lewis said. “That doesn’t mean the president has to be an engineer by any means. None of the previous presidents have been and yet Harvard made that commitment.”
Engineer or not, the University’s next president will face challenges in executing the Allston move and fitting the University's name onto the list of top engineering programs in the nation alongside MIT, Caltech, and Stanford. In 2017’s U.S. News and World Report rankings, Harvard’s undergraduate engineering ranks 25th. Its graduate program ranks 23rd.
Unlike Harvard’s renowned Medical School, Business School, or Law School, Harvard’s engineering program suffers from a case of relative national anonymity. Environmental science professor Steven C. Wofsy, who has been mapping out potential bike routes from Cambridge to Allston in anticipation of the move, said SEAS is not particularly well-known.
“If I get on an airplane and somebody asks me what I do and I tell them I’m an engineering professor at Harvard, three times out of four people say ‘Well, I didn’t know Harvard had an engineering school,’” said Wofsy. “I am a little tired of hearing that, and I believe that Allston will make a very significant difference just increasing the overall visibility.”
Certain Harvard affiliates have cast an anxious eye on Stanford in particular. In recent years, the Palo Alto school’s precipitous rise in national rankings and anointment as the nation’s most selective college have naturally led to comparisons to Harvard.
While Wofsy said that comparisons of Harvard with Stanford are “pretty silly,” he acknowledged some jockeying for a university’s most prized resource: intelligent students and high-profile faculty.
“I suppose there is some element of competition for the best students among all of the top schools,” Wofsy said. “Overall, I think just a higher visibility of Harvard engineering will play a significant role in attracting student interest.”
The new campus could also bolster SEAS’s faculty recruitment efforts. Both Smith and Doyle believe the new facilities in Allston will allow for a more “exciting and vibrant” community—one that could prevent faculty “poaching” from other institutions, a concern for administrators.
“It’s the nature of our field,” Doyle said. “It can be maddening at times, because you invest resources on an individual, and they get up and leave. We play the game, others play the game. It’s a very fluid profession.”
For the past few years however, Harvard has been doing some poaching of its own. The size of Harvard’s engineering faculty rose by 30 percent in the ten years since the school’s founding, according to Doyle. For some new faculty, like Bioengineering professor Samir Mitragotri, Allston played a role in their move to Cambridge.
“[Allston] was certainly as a part of my decision to come here,” said Mitragotri, who previously worked at UC Santa Barbara for almost two decades. “The new Allston building will bring new opportunities including a new lab space.”
But at a university with limited financial resources, some have wondered about the balance between Harvard’s promising future and its prestigious past in the arts, humanities, and social sciences. Just this month, SEAS reported a deficit of $9.1 million—a disproportionate amount of FAS’s total $11.7 million deficit. Doyle attributes the deficit to lingering effects of the 2008 financial crisis on the school’s endowment.
Even as administrators focus on raising Harvard’s engineering profile, they are careful to pair their support for SEAS with praise for Harvard’s other academic areas.
“I would hope the next president is interested in [SEAS] as an opportunity for us but also one that is to be balanced against the other strengths that we have and the importance of the humanities and the social sciences and the sciences,” Smith said.
This balancing may be difficult if SEAS enrollment trends continue—the school has seen stratospheric growth in undergraduate concentrators as enrollment in the humanities and social sciences have flagged.
“There are things extrinsic to the growth of SEAS that have affected enrollments in the humanities,” Lewis said. “I think the challenge the arts and humanities have is just to make themselves important to undergraduates, to open their eyes.”
Still, Lewis doesn’t want SEAS to grow in a vacuum.
“I certainly don’t want Allston to be a just an engineering ghetto,” he said. “I would like to see classes of other kinds down there so that other students have the opportunity to take classes on the other side of the river.”
For some humanities professors, SEAS deserves the administrative attention.
“I think we do have to commit to STEM—I think it’s going to be good for us,” English professor Louis Menand said. “Historically, in higher education the STEM fields lift the other boats. When the tide goes up, the boats go up, because they generate a lot of funding—research funding—which is helpful for everybody.”
“It’s the future,” he added.
—Staff writer Joshua J. Florence can be reached at email@example.com. Follow him on Twitter @JoshuaFlorence1.—Staff writer William L. Wang can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org. Follow him on Twitter @wlwang20.